‚ÄčRoyton Roll of Honour

THOMAS HENRY CAVE
Age:26
Rank:Private
Service No:42085
Date of Death:18/11/1916
Regiment:King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
Unit:2nd Bn.
Cemetery:
Munich Trench British Cemetery
Grave Reference:B.32.

photo courtesy of Mike Light

The men from the 2nd KOYLI to die alongside Thomas Cave and fellow Royton man Harry Lomas that day are listed below. In the battalion to the left of their unit in the same attack, the 2nd Manchesters,William Charles Plant was killed.

ABSON SIDNEY Private 26083                                                                
ALLEN PERCY Private  26526 from Sheffield                                                
BALHAM CHARLES Private 32943                                                            
BATTERSBY CARYL Second Lieutenant                                                        
BEEVER THOMAS 31 Private 25455 SON OF JOE&ANNIE BEEVER,OF SHEFFIELD.                    
BENDING  STANLEY  27 Lance Corporal 23496   SON OF FRANK&ANNIE BENDING,OF TUNBRIDGE WELLS   
BRAY CHARLES 21  Private  26497 SON OF CHARLES&EMMA BRAY, OF HUDDERSFIELD                 
BREARLEY JOSEPH  28 Private 3/1511 HUSBAND OF NORAH MARSDEN(FORMERLY BREARLEY),DEWSBURY
BROPHY WD Private 3/9785 HUSBAND OF MRS. E. TURNER (FORMERLY BROPHY), OF LEEDS.      
BUNGARD  ALBERT Private 26574                                                            
CARDING  WILLIAM   36 Serjeant   6040 from Leeds.ENLISTED IN 1896.                           
CLOUDER WILLIAM   20 Lance Corporal 22796                                                    
COE    WILLIAM   Private  35281 born Norwich.Enlised Wakefield                                
CORNFORD WT  Lance Corporal 23219                                                        
COWLING  WILLIAM  29 Private 25482 SON OF ALICE COWLING,EASINGWOLD,YORKS                  
CROSS GEORGE 25  Private  9611 SON OF OWEN&EMMA CROSS,OF HIGH WYCOMBE                     
DANNATT SAMUEL 20 Private 18494    SON OF HENRY DANNATT, OF DONCASTER.                     
DEARDEN  CHARLES    24 Private 12034 BROTHER OF MR. W. DEARDEN,SHEFFIELD.                   
DENNIS WILLIAM Private 319785                                                            
DEVLIN DANIEL Private 32962                                                                
DIXON JOHN 28 Private 35302  SON OF CHARLES&LOUISA DIXON,RETFORD                         
DONOHOE    DANIEL 19 Private 12243 SON OF ALICE DONOHOE,SHEFFIELD                          
EVANS THOMAS Private 35305 enlisted Wakefield                                           
FILBEY PERCY Private 23501                                                                
FREEMAN  GEORGE 37 Private 20749  SON OF THE LATE EDWARD&EMMA FREEMAN                     
GALLAGHER GEORGE Private 30973                                                            
GELDER HERBERT 19 Private 20861  SON OF ALFRED&HARRIETT GELDER,ROTHERHAM.                
GILPIN BEN Private 30950                                                                
GUEST HERBERT 30 Private 25442                                                          
HALL GEORGE  29 Private 35287 SON OF BENJAMIN&MARY HALL,KNOTTINGLEY                      
HALLAS JOHN  Private  3/947 from Dewsbury                                                 
HANSTOCK JOSEPH  30 Private 30584 HUSBAND OF MARY HANSTOCK,SHEFFIELD.                    
HARDING  ROBERT Lance Corporal 22964  from Jarrow                                         
HARDING RICHARD  Corporal 23266 from Dublin                                              
HARGREAVES JOHN  MM Private 3/940 from Rotherham                                         
HATCHETT WILLIAM Private 32965                                                            
HEALEY CHARLES MC Company Serjeant Major 6002                                            
HOLLIDAY FREDERICK Private 3/2980                                                        
HOPKINS  JOHN  Private 31064    HUSBAND OF H. HOPKINS,KEIGHLEY                              
HOTSON  HERBERT 21 Second Lieutenant SON OF SAMUEL&ELIZA HOTSON,LONDON.                 
HOWCROFT ISAAC Private 35288                                                            
HUGHES DANIEL 35 Private 22976 HUSBAND OF JANE HUGHES,CO.DURHAM.                        
HUMPHRIES JAMES  33 Private 21820 HUSBAND OF THE LATE ADA HUMPHRIES.                     
ILLINGWORTH JOE  41 Private 3/3292 HUSBAND OF THE LATE ELIZA ILLINGWORTH,WAKEFIELD       
JAKEMAN   GEORGE   34 Private 35311 HUSBAND OF EDITH JAKEMAN,TADCASTER                     
JONES JAMES Lance Corporal 22941 HUSBAND OF M.PEARSON(FORMERLY JONES),WEST HARTLEPOOL.  
JONES ROBERT 34  Private  33050 SON OF MR. AND MRS. JOSEPH JONES,OF BRAMLEY               
KERSHAW  WILLIAM  Lance Corporal 26112 SON OF TOM KERSHAW,WAKEFIELD.                      
KNIGHT ALBERT Serjeant 9852  from Leicestershire                                         
LAMB HORACE Private  25061                                                                
LEE STANLEY 23 Private 29335 SON OF GEORGE LEE,DEWSBURY.                                
LEWIS DAVID Serjeant 13099                                                                
MACHIN FRANK 31 Private   9614 HUSBAND OF ADA MACHIN,SHEFFIELD.                           
MARCHANT TOM 24  Private  25793 SON OF ALONZA&MARY MARCHANT,LEEDS.                        
MARSHALL WILLIAM Private 25973                                                            
MELLOR EMMANUEL  Private  25943                                                            
MILLS SAMUEL 20  Second Lieutenant from Leeds                                            
MOODY ARTHUR 21  Lance Corporal 22932 SON OF MRS. ISABELLA MOODY,SUNDERLAND.             
MOORHOUSE JOSEPH 19  Private  26070 from MORLEY                                           
NEGUS GEORGE Lance Serjeant  9926  BROTHER OF MRS WOOD,NOTTING HILL                      
OLDROYD  JAMES 36 Private 25814 SON OF M OLDROYD,BATLEY                                  
PACEY HAROLD 24  Private  35320 SON OF JOHN&BETSY PACEY,GAINSBOROUGH.                     
PAGET CHARLEY 19 Private 23319 SON OF JAMES&ANN PAGET, OF WALES                         
PARTINGTON JOHN  39 Lance Corporal 35298  HUSBAND OF ROSE PARTINGTON,GOOLE                
RATHBONE SAMUEL Private  23338 from Abergavenny                                          
RAW  GEORGE Lance Corporal 22849                                                            
RAWLINS  GEORGE Private 10551                                                            
RAYNES SAMUEL Private 30899 SON OF WILLIAM RAYNES,SHEFFIELD.                            
REYNOLDS GUY Second Lieutenant  SON OF MR. H. W. REYNOLDS,YORK.                         
RICHARDSON THOMAS 26 Lance Corporal  23666 SON OF MRS. M. E. RICHARDSON,FLINT.           
ROBERTS GEORGE 37 Private 12517  HUSBAND OF EMMA ROBERTS,SHEFFIELD.                      
ROBERTS  ROBERT 23 Corporal 23335 SON OF ROBERT&ELLEN ROBERTS,CARDIFF.                   
ROBINSON  LOUIS Private  35295                                                            
SAXBY THOMAS 28  Lance Serjeant 9809 SON OF GEORGE&AGNES SAXBY,DERBY.                    
SCARTH HEDLEY 20 Private 33013 SON OF EMILY ANN SCARTH,MORLEY                           
SELLARS    ARTHUR 27 CSM 3/243 HUSBAND OF BEATRICE IBBOTSON(FORMERLY SELLARS),SHEFFIELD    
SHELCOTT JAMES Private 22775                                                            
SHELTON WILLIAM Serjeant 20651                                                            
SIGLEY ROWLAND Private 18297                                                            
SKINNER ATKINSON 21 MM Corporal 10725                                                  
SLATER WALTER 21 Private 10844                                                            
SMITH HARRY  Private   13166                                                                
SQUIRES GEORGE  22 Private 31022 SON OF CHARLES&MARY SQUIRES, OF SELBY                  
STANSFIELD SAMUEL Lance Corporal 3/3113                                                    
STEPHENSON FRANK Private 35318                                                            
STEVENS  MICHAEL 21 Private 3/1338 SON OF PATRICK&CATHERINE STEVENS,LEEDS.               
STOCKS WALTER 22 Lance Corporal    13523 from Sheffield                                    
SUMMERSCALES HARRY Private 21746                                                        
TEALE CHRISTOPHER Private 33065    from Doncaster                                          
THOMAS WILLIAM 33 MM Serjeant 23367    HUSBAND OF JANE  THOMAS,TREDEGAR                    
THOMPSON ALBERT  Private  22632 from Goole                                                
THOMPSON ERNEST  Corporal 20520 born Worksop,enlisted Sheffield                            
TIMMONS    ARTHUR 21 Private 12601  SON OF WILLIAM TIMMONS,SHEFFIELD                        
TISSINGTON ARTHUR 21 Private 31033 SON OF MRS. ELIZABETH TISSINGTON,SHEFFIELD.          
TOTTS ALFRED 27  Corporal 10092 from Ilford                                              
TURNBULL FREDERICK Private 20454 from Co.Durham                                         
TURNBULL WILLIAM Private 22880 from West Hartlepool                                     
TYE EDWARD Private 3/1324                                                                
TYZACK JACK Private 10302                                                                
UNDERDOWN BERT Private 23374 from Bristol                                               
VICKERS  JOHN  Private 13130                                                                
WADE LEWIS Private 14511                                                                
WALPOLE  WILLIAM   Private 13257                                                            
WHEELER  GEORGE 24 Private 23384 from Deptford                                           
WILKINSON JOHN 31 Lance Corporal 22293 HUSBAND OF MARY ANN WILKINSON.                   
WILLIAMS JOHN  Second Lieutenant                                                        
WILLIAMS THOMAS Private 21593                                                            
WILSON LINDLEY 20  Private 11041 SON OF ESTHER WILSON,LEEDS.BORN KENDAL                 
YATES GEORGE 33  Private  24292 SON OF MR. AND MRS. YATES,SHEFFIELD.   

Thomas Henry Cave was born in Royton in 1889 to parents Henry and Martha. His siblings were Sarah, Elizabeth, John & Agnes.
Both Henry and Martha were employed as Fustian Cutters. In the 1891 census the family were living at Thorp Clough. Sadly in 1894, at the age of 34, Thomas' mother died. The following year his younger sister Agnes died at the age of 1.  By the time of the 1901 census the Cave's were living at a cousin of Thomas', John Bradbury and his wife Sarah, at 34 Church Street. Henry died in 1908 and after this it's unclear where Tom lived but at the time he enlisted he was at 67 Rochdale Lane, next door to John Charles Mellor. He was single and was a joiner minder at the Vine Mill and in his spare time was a member of the Royton Harriers athletics club.Tom's brother-in-law, Elizabeth's husband Dick Green was also a member of Royton Harriers and was also killed in 1916.


Exact dates for Tom's military career are hard to define but he enlisted in Royton and that was probably at the end of 1915. He would have been called up in the Spring of 1916 and was first in the Manchester Regiment, being in one of the reserve battalions based in England. He was then sent for active service and transferred to the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry,possibly in July 1916. He was to go over the top with the 2nd KOYLI  on the last day of the Battle of the Ancre.   At 05:15 on the morning of the 18th the 2nd KOYLI were ready on a 225 yard stretch of the front. Conditions were poor and it started snowing just before the attack was due to begin at 06:10 which was preceded by a heavy British artillery barrage. The battalions first objective was Munich Trench, the German trench from which the cemetery that holds Tom is named after. The left half of the battalion reached the objective but the two companies on the right were held up by heavy machine gun and rifle fire so took up positions in a line of shell holes in front of the German barbed wire. Meanwhile, after some heavy fighting, the two companies on the left advanced onwards. After that no definite news was received from these two - they were all either captured or killed - and after news was received of the failure of the attack of the 11th Borders on the battalions right the two companies that had taken shelter in the shell holes withdrew back to the original front line.
The Cave family were notified in January 1917 that Tom was missing and then in August that he was presumed dead.
They put the following in the Oldham Chronicle:

And now he is sleeping his last long sleep,
And his grave we may never see,
But some gentle hand in that distant land,
May scatter some flowers for us


photo courtesy of Mike Light