THOMAS HENRY CAVE
Date of Death:18/11/1916
Regiment:King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
Cemetery:Munich Trench British Cemetery
photo courtesy of Mike Light
The men from the 2nd KOYLI to die alongside Thomas Cave and fellow Royton man Harry Lomas that day are listed below. In the battalion to the left of their unit in the same attack, the 2nd Manchesters,William Charles Plant was killed.
ABSON SIDNEY Private 26083
ALLEN PERCY Private 26526 from Sheffield
BALHAM CHARLES Private 32943
BATTERSBY CARYL Second Lieutenant
BEEVER THOMAS 31 Private 25455 SON OF JOE&ANNIE BEEVER,OF SHEFFIELD.
BENDING STANLEY 27 Lance Corporal 23496 SON OF FRANK&ANNIE BENDING,OF TUNBRIDGE WELLS
BRAY CHARLES 21 Private 26497 SON OF CHARLES&EMMA BRAY, OF HUDDERSFIELD
BREARLEY JOSEPH 28 Private 3/1511 HUSBAND OF NORAH MARSDEN(FORMERLY BREARLEY),DEWSBURY
BROPHY WD Private 3/9785 HUSBAND OF MRS. E. TURNER (FORMERLY BROPHY), OF LEEDS.
BUNGARD ALBERT Private 26574
CARDING WILLIAM 36 Serjeant 6040 from Leeds.ENLISTED IN 1896.
CLOUDER WILLIAM 20 Lance Corporal 22796
COE WILLIAM Private 35281 born Norwich.Enlised Wakefield
CORNFORD WT Lance Corporal 23219
COWLING WILLIAM 29 Private 25482 SON OF ALICE COWLING,EASINGWOLD,YORKS
CROSS GEORGE 25 Private 9611 SON OF OWEN&EMMA CROSS,OF HIGH WYCOMBE
DANNATT SAMUEL 20 Private 18494 SON OF HENRY DANNATT, OF DONCASTER.
DEARDEN CHARLES 24 Private 12034 BROTHER OF MR. W. DEARDEN,SHEFFIELD.
DENNIS WILLIAM Private 319785
DEVLIN DANIEL Private 32962
DIXON JOHN 28 Private 35302 SON OF CHARLES&LOUISA DIXON,RETFORD
DONOHOE DANIEL 19 Private 12243 SON OF ALICE DONOHOE,SHEFFIELD
EVANS THOMAS Private 35305 enlisted Wakefield
FILBEY PERCY Private 23501
FREEMAN GEORGE 37 Private 20749 SON OF THE LATE EDWARD&EMMA FREEMAN
GALLAGHER GEORGE Private 30973
GELDER HERBERT 19 Private 20861 SON OF ALFRED&HARRIETT GELDER,ROTHERHAM.
GILPIN BEN Private 30950
GUEST HERBERT 30 Private 25442
HALL GEORGE 29 Private 35287 SON OF BENJAMIN&MARY HALL,KNOTTINGLEY
HALLAS JOHN Private 3/947 from Dewsbury
HANSTOCK JOSEPH 30 Private 30584 HUSBAND OF MARY HANSTOCK,SHEFFIELD.
HARDING ROBERT Lance Corporal 22964 from Jarrow
HARDING RICHARD Corporal 23266 from Dublin
HARGREAVES JOHN MM Private 3/940 from Rotherham
HATCHETT WILLIAM Private 32965
HEALEY CHARLES MC Company Serjeant Major 6002
HOLLIDAY FREDERICK Private 3/2980
HOPKINS JOHN Private 31064 HUSBAND OF H. HOPKINS,KEIGHLEY
HOTSON HERBERT 21 Second Lieutenant SON OF SAMUEL&ELIZA HOTSON,LONDON.
HOWCROFT ISAAC Private 35288
HUGHES DANIEL 35 Private 22976 HUSBAND OF JANE HUGHES,CO.DURHAM.
HUMPHRIES JAMES 33 Private 21820 HUSBAND OF THE LATE ADA HUMPHRIES.
ILLINGWORTH JOE 41 Private 3/3292 HUSBAND OF THE LATE ELIZA ILLINGWORTH,WAKEFIELD
JAKEMAN GEORGE 34 Private 35311 HUSBAND OF EDITH JAKEMAN,TADCASTER
JONES JAMES Lance Corporal 22941 HUSBAND OF M.PEARSON(FORMERLY JONES),WEST HARTLEPOOL.
JONES ROBERT 34 Private 33050 SON OF MR. AND MRS. JOSEPH JONES,OF BRAMLEY
KERSHAW WILLIAM Lance Corporal 26112 SON OF TOM KERSHAW,WAKEFIELD.
KNIGHT ALBERT Serjeant 9852 from Leicestershire
LAMB HORACE Private 25061
LEE STANLEY 23 Private 29335 SON OF GEORGE LEE,DEWSBURY.
LEWIS DAVID Serjeant 13099
MACHIN FRANK 31 Private 9614 HUSBAND OF ADA MACHIN,SHEFFIELD.
MARCHANT TOM 24 Private 25793 SON OF ALONZA&MARY MARCHANT,LEEDS.
MARSHALL WILLIAM Private 25973
MELLOR EMMANUEL Private 25943
MILLS SAMUEL 20 Second Lieutenant from Leeds
MOODY ARTHUR 21 Lance Corporal 22932 SON OF MRS. ISABELLA MOODY,SUNDERLAND.
MOORHOUSE JOSEPH 19 Private 26070 from MORLEY
NEGUS GEORGE Lance Serjeant 9926 BROTHER OF MRS WOOD,NOTTING HILL
OLDROYD JAMES 36 Private 25814 SON OF M OLDROYD,BATLEY
PACEY HAROLD 24 Private 35320 SON OF JOHN&BETSY PACEY,GAINSBOROUGH.
PAGET CHARLEY 19 Private 23319 SON OF JAMES&ANN PAGET, OF WALES
PARTINGTON JOHN 39 Lance Corporal 35298 HUSBAND OF ROSE PARTINGTON,GOOLE
RATHBONE SAMUEL Private 23338 from Abergavenny
RAW GEORGE Lance Corporal 22849
RAWLINS GEORGE Private 10551
RAYNES SAMUEL Private 30899 SON OF WILLIAM RAYNES,SHEFFIELD.
REYNOLDS GUY Second Lieutenant SON OF MR. H. W. REYNOLDS,YORK.
RICHARDSON THOMAS 26 Lance Corporal 23666 SON OF MRS. M. E. RICHARDSON,FLINT.
ROBERTS GEORGE 37 Private 12517 HUSBAND OF EMMA ROBERTS,SHEFFIELD.
ROBERTS ROBERT 23 Corporal 23335 SON OF ROBERT&ELLEN ROBERTS,CARDIFF.
ROBINSON LOUIS Private 35295
SAXBY THOMAS 28 Lance Serjeant 9809 SON OF GEORGE&AGNES SAXBY,DERBY.
SCARTH HEDLEY 20 Private 33013 SON OF EMILY ANN SCARTH,MORLEY
SELLARS ARTHUR 27 CSM 3/243 HUSBAND OF BEATRICE IBBOTSON(FORMERLY SELLARS),SHEFFIELD
SHELCOTT JAMES Private 22775
SHELTON WILLIAM Serjeant 20651
SIGLEY ROWLAND Private 18297
SKINNER ATKINSON 21 MM Corporal 10725
SLATER WALTER 21 Private 10844
SMITH HARRY Private 13166
SQUIRES GEORGE 22 Private 31022 SON OF CHARLES&MARY SQUIRES, OF SELBY
STANSFIELD SAMUEL Lance Corporal 3/3113
STEPHENSON FRANK Private 35318
STEVENS MICHAEL 21 Private 3/1338 SON OF PATRICK&CATHERINE STEVENS,LEEDS.
STOCKS WALTER 22 Lance Corporal 13523 from Sheffield
SUMMERSCALES HARRY Private 21746
TEALE CHRISTOPHER Private 33065 from Doncaster
THOMAS WILLIAM 33 MM Serjeant 23367 HUSBAND OF JANE THOMAS,TREDEGAR
THOMPSON ALBERT Private 22632 from Goole
THOMPSON ERNEST Corporal 20520 born Worksop,enlisted Sheffield
TIMMONS ARTHUR 21 Private 12601 SON OF WILLIAM TIMMONS,SHEFFIELD
TISSINGTON ARTHUR 21 Private 31033 SON OF MRS. ELIZABETH TISSINGTON,SHEFFIELD.
TOTTS ALFRED 27 Corporal 10092 from Ilford
TURNBULL FREDERICK Private 20454 from Co.Durham
TURNBULL WILLIAM Private 22880 from West Hartlepool
TYE EDWARD Private 3/1324
TYZACK JACK Private 10302
UNDERDOWN BERT Private 23374 from Bristol
VICKERS JOHN Private 13130
WADE LEWIS Private 14511
WALPOLE WILLIAM Private 13257
WHEELER GEORGE 24 Private 23384 from Deptford
WILKINSON JOHN 31 Lance Corporal 22293 HUSBAND OF MARY ANN WILKINSON.
WILLIAMS JOHN Second Lieutenant
WILLIAMS THOMAS Private 21593
WILSON LINDLEY 20 Private 11041 SON OF ESTHER WILSON,LEEDS.BORN KENDAL
YATES GEORGE 33 Private 24292 SON OF MR. AND MRS. YATES,SHEFFIELD.
Thomas Henry Cave was born in Royton in 1889 to parents Henry and Martha. His siblings were Sarah, Elizabeth, John & Agnes.
Both Henry and Martha were employed as Fustian Cutters. In the 1891 census the family were living at Thorp Clough. Sadly in 1894, at the age of 34, Thomas' mother died. The following year his younger sister Agnes died at the age of 1. By the time of the 1901 census the Cave's were living at a cousin of Thomas', John Bradbury and his wife Sarah, at 34 Church Street. Henry died in 1908 and after this it's unclear where Tom lived but at the time he enlisted he was at 67 Rochdale Lane, next door to John Charles Mellor. He was single and was a joiner minder at the Vine Mill and in his spare time was a member of the Royton Harriers athletics club.Tom's brother-in-law, Elizabeth's husband Dick Green was also a member of Royton Harriers and was also killed in 1916.
Exact dates for Tom's military career are hard to define but he enlisted in Royton and that was probably at the end of 1915. He would have been called up in the Spring of 1916 and was first in the Manchester Regiment, being in one of the reserve battalions based in England. He was then sent for active service and transferred to the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry,possibly in July 1916. He was to go over the top with the 2nd KOYLI on the last day of the Battle of the Ancre. At 05:15 on the morning of the 18th the 2nd KOYLI were ready on a 225 yard stretch of the front. Conditions were poor and it started snowing just before the attack was due to begin at 06:10 which was preceded by a heavy British artillery barrage. The battalions first objective was Munich Trench, the German trench from which the cemetery that holds Tom is named after. The left half of the battalion reached the objective but the two companies on the right were held up by heavy machine gun and rifle fire so took up positions in a line of shell holes in front of the German barbed wire. Meanwhile, after some heavy fighting, the two companies on the left advanced onwards. After that no definite news was received from these two - they were all either captured or killed - and after news was received of the failure of the attack of the 11th Borders on the battalions right the two companies that had taken shelter in the shell holes withdrew back to the original front line.
The Cave family were notified in January 1917 that Tom was missing and then in August that he was presumed dead.
They put the following in the Oldham Chronicle:
And now he is sleeping his last long sleep,
And his grave we may never see,
But some gentle hand in that distant land,
May scatter some flowers for us
photo courtesy of Mike Light