‚ÄčRoyton Roll of Honour

William Lupton was born in Oldham in 1893, his parents were William - a Railway Labourer - and Mary Ellen. William was their third child, after Elizabeth and a brother, John, who had died as a baby the previous year. After William came Charlotte, Richard, Alice, Ethel, Alfred, James, Margaret, Harry, Hannah and Mary. Richard died aged 1 and Alice aged 2 when William was a young boy.  The Luptons were living on William Street in Oldham at the time of the 1901 census and didn't move to Royton until some point between 1906 and 1909. By 1911 they were at 54 Edge Lane Hollow in Royton.
By the time war broke out in August 1914 William was a piecer at the Grape Mill. He enlisted on August 29th in Oldham and was sent to join the 9th Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers which formed two days later in Bury.
They were stationed at Belton Park near Grantham and after that were at Witley Camp near Godalming. They were then allocated to join the force fighting at Gallipoli, sailing from Liverpool on July 5th. They first landed at Mudros, on the island of Lemnos, only 30 or so miles from Gallipoli, where a large force was gathering. The British were going to land at Suvla Bay on the night of August 6th in what was to eventually prove to be a fruitless endeavour.
The convoy waited for dark to fall at about 19:30 before heading off from Imbros.The date had been specially chosen as the moon was not due to rise till after the troops were intended to be ashore.This night though was particularly dark.
The plan for William Lupton's battalion was to seize Hill 10 which was a half mile east of 'A' Beach on which they were to land in Suvla Bay. The 8th Northumberland Fusiliers and 5th Dorsetshire Regiment were to join them on Hill 10 and then were together to attack Chocolate Hill from the north, advancing not later than 01:30 on August 7th.There was inadequate reconnaissance & maps were both late in arriving and inaccurate. Z Company was to land first and clear Hill 10 with a couple of platoons, the rest of the battalion was to form up on A Beach.
At 22:30 the destroyers anchored a mile from shore and cast off the lighters.The noise from these small vessels attracted some fire from the Turks ashore. The naval craft had been carried away from their proper course so rather than landing at A Beach they were a thousand yards south of it and in an area where the Royal Navy suspected there were shoals. Their suspicions were correct and the Lancastrians ran aground some fifty yards or so from the shore. The Turks at once opened fire on these tempting targets. The shortest officer available, Lieutenant E.H Davies was lowered over the side of one of the lighters and determined that the depth was only about 4 foot 6 inches. The men duly splashed ashore and patrols were sent out to try and determine their position.
Just after 03:00 on the morning of the 7th, an already wounded Colonel Welstead& Major Ibbetson were briefed by Major Ashburner from the 34th Brigade (the 9th LF being one of the four battalions in this brigade). Major Cyril Ibbetson later recalled this & what happened next:

" 'Look, do you see that hill, over there on the left?That is the hill we want - Hill 10.If you can take all the men you have got, and carry that hill between those two trees on the horizon we shall be all right, otherwise we shall probably be driven into the sea!' We started in three lines in extended order, the men going forward splendidly,led by their Platoon Commanders, in the most superb manner imaginable, with shells and bullets coming thicker and thicker, every man being eager to get to the objective. There was a check just before we got to the foot of the hill. Then in one mad rush we carried the hill at the point of the bayonet. A terrific fire was opened on us from a fieldwork facing us, from some trenches on our right which enfiladed our position and from some guns high up in a valley above us. Realising that we could not hold this position, unless the trenches were cleared of the enemy, I ordered an attack on those trenches. There was much confusion, so I was unable to get orders to the whole of my command, but I got a good lot together and soon we took those trenches, but the casualties were very heavy and I was wounded too. I sound found that the fieldwork, which I had ignored, enfiladed to a nicety these trenches and if anybody moved he was immediately hit. I ordered everybody to make cover for themselves and attend to the wounded. Nobody was allowed to show himself. Suddenly, to our horror, we saw Hill 10 evacuated by the troops which had come up to reinforce us and we watched them retire right back in the direction from whence we had come. We were now isolated. Our casualties increased and we made a desperate fight of it for hours until the West Yorks appeared on Hill 10 again. I shall not forget that trench."

Once the West Yorkshires arrived they attacked the fieldwork. The Fusiliers joined in and a lot of Turks were killed as they attempted to retreat. The men then met another party of Turks who were about to launch a counter attack and scattered them.
Unfortunately it wasn't even Hill 10. The hill the Fusiliers had attacked was a large sand dune about 400 yards south of the real Hill 10 and defended by only a small Turkish force. The real Hill 10 was captured later that morning by men of the Northumberland Fusiliers & Dorsetshire Regiment.Over the next two days the 9th Lancashire Fusiliers found themselves both in reserve for and fighting alongside the 5th Dorsetshires before being relieved on August 12th.From the landing up until that point they had lost 76 men killed and many more wounded. Three days later on August 15th, while out of the front line, two other men whose names can be found on Royton's War Memorial were killed - presumably by a shell - Charles Howard and William Moores.
Three days after the deaths of Howard and Moores the battalion was to see action again. The British objective on August 21st was to capture W Hill& Scimitar Hill. The 9th Battalion were part of the force tasked with taking the former. Their objective was to take, along with the 5th Dorsets, some Turkish trenches about 450 yards ahead of their positions. As soon as the battalion advanced, at 15:00, they came under heavy rifle and shrapnel fire. Nevertheless by 15:10 the battalion had taken the trenches with all the Turkish defenders either killed or wounded. They then began to consolidate their position but despite repeated appeals for help they received none. The men of the 9th Lancashire Fusiliers clung doggedly to their new positions but after 19 hours were forced to withdraw back to their starting point. They had less than 100 men left and no officers. The shattered battalion was to remain at Gallipoli until they left from Suvla on December 18th. William had been awarded the Military Medal on December 9th, perhaps for his role in the fighting on W Hill. After a month's stay in Mudros the 9th LF sailed to Alexandria at the end of January 1916. Whilst in Egypt they received large drafts of reinforcements, many came from the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry - which explains the many Yorkshiremen who died with the Lancastrians in the fighting that was to claim William's life.
At the beginning of July 1916 the battalion sailed for Alexandria for the Western Front. They were to be pitched into the Battle of the Somme on September 26th in the offensive known as the Battle of Thiepval Ridge. Their objectives were rather optimistic, three lines of trenches and a couple of redoubts. At 12:35 a heavy barrage was put down on the German front line for four minutes after which it crept forward and the infantry attack began. The company on the right of the advance - X - got into difficulties early on and suffered severely from enfilading fire. It practically ceased to exist as a unit which put the whole plan immediately up in the air as this left a gap between the 9th Lancashire Fusiliers and the 8th Northumberland Fusiliers. This gap was in the line of attack where the two German Redoubts would be tackled. Y Company in the centre also suffered severely from enfilading fire coming at them from the gap where the destroyed X Company should have been. To compound their suffering they then were also caught by the British artillery barrage. The company on the left of the attack,Z, was a lot more fortunate and reached it's first objective in relatively good order. The reserve company,W,following up behind Y suffered from the same problems as the advance troops.
Y & Z companies reached their first objective, High Trench, at about 12:50 and dealt with it's defenders with grenades and bayonets. The timetable dictated that 10 minutes later they were to push on, this proved too short a time span to sufficiently mop up all the Germans in the area and this resulted in several being left behind who opened fire on the backs of the Lancashire Fusiliers as they advanced onto their next objective.
The advance to the next objective was carried out in good order but the battalion's right - consisting of the few survivors of X Company and redirected men of Y came under very heavy machine gun fire from the Germans in Zollern and Stuff Reboubts. On the left Z Company met with serious opposition when they reached the next German trenches and a violent struggle ensued before the Germans were forced back.
The time was now 13:20 and of the men who had gone over the top 45 minutes previously only 1 officer and about 150 men had survived. The men now dug themselves in. There were reports of men from the 9th Battalion pushing onto their next objective but no trace was found of them afterwards. A Second Lieutenant leading them, H.W Potter, eventually turned up wounded in German captivity.
On September 27th the shattered remnants of the battalion managed to clear sections of Zollern Trench that they shared with the Germans and established a good defensive position. They were relieved on the 28th. It's losses had been nearly four hundred. On that last day in the front line they were heavily shelled but due to the hard work of the men in consolidating their position casualties were few. However, William Lupton was one of those casualties. He was taken to a casualty clearing station but died there on October 1st.
A couple of weeks after William's death a letter arrived to his parents from a Chaplain:

"It is with deepest regret and sympathy that I write to tell you that your son William has succumbed to his wounds. They were so severe than in spite of our every attention he passed away on Sunday. I have buried him this morning in our cemetery. I am not at liberty to tell you the name of the place, but his grave will be marked with a wooden cross bearing his name, and after the war is over you will be able to find out where he lies."

The names below are of those men from the 9th Lancashire Fusiliers who died between September 26th, when they went into action and September 28th, when William was mortally wounded. The vast majority of the deaths date from the ferocious fighting of the 26th:

ACOMB HUBERT 18 Private 27762 from Pontefract
ASHTON GEORGE Private 36379 enlisted Rochdale
BANNERMAN KENNETH Private 24074  from Edinburgh
BEARDER    GEORGE Private 27838 from Sheffield
BECK WILLIAM 21 Private 27848 from Sheffield
BELL JAMES 21 Private 36554 from Bury
BIRKHEAD JOHN 42 Private 27935 from Sheffield
BLACKBURN CHARLES Private 27939 from Goole
BRENNAN PATRICK  Private  7865 from Manchester
BRENNAND EDWIN 18 Private 9418 from Summerseat
BREWER JOSEPH Private 27657 from Leeds
BRIERLEY JAMES 19 Private 36401 from Rochdale
BROADHURST JOHN Private 9495 from Manchester
BROGDEN  GEORGE 24 Lance Corporal 33741 from Middleton
BROOKS JOHN Lance Corporal 9477 from Radcliffe
BUCKLEY FRED 22  Private 36374 from Rochdale
BUCKLEY  JOHN 27  Private 36552 from Summerseat
BURNS JAMES 26 Private 4404 from Oldham
CALDWELL GEORGE 25 Private 33045 from Wigan
CARR GEORGE Private 27664 from Goole
CHADWICK JOSEPH  Private  5111 from Rochdale
CHAPMAN FREDERICK Private 22958 from Sussex
CLARKSON ERNEST Private 27943 from Goole
CLARKSON HERBERT 21 Private 7839 from Colne
CLEGG JAMES 32 Private 9445 from Littleborough
CLINTON JOHN Private 5117 born Charlestown,enlisted Ashton-under-Lyne
CONNOLEY WILLIAM Serjeant 3042  from Stockport
CORBETT JOSEPH 23 Private 27723 from Darlaston,Staffs
CORRIGAN PETER 26 Private 7640 from Manchester
CRANMER FREDERICK Private 24058  from Birmingham
CROWTHER HARRY Private 36556 enlisted Bury
CRYER LIEBIG Serjeant 12695 from Littleborough
CUDWORTH FRANK 26 Private 28777 from Rochdale
DAVIES HAROLD Private 19227 born Macclesfield,enlisted Widnes
DENT JOHN Private 27866 born Kippax,enlisted Guildford
DOLAN THOMAS Serjeant 3805 from Oldham
DOOHAN PATRICK Private 27769 born Co.Mayo,enlisted Mansfield
DRONSFIELD PERCY 23 Private 28749 from Shaw
DYER HARRY 19 Private 27865 from Dewsbury
EDMUNDS JOHN Private 24054 from Southampton
EGLIN GEORGE Lance Corporal 1855 from Salford
FIDLER WILLIAM Corporal 27995 from London
FISHER JOHN 19 Private 27955 from Claxton,Yorks
FITZPATRICK JAMES Private 13732  born Lancaster,enlisted Oldham
FOGO THOMAS Private 9425 from Manchester
FORDHAM HAROLD 20 Private 27870 from Halifax
FORGHAM  RICHARD 20 Private 32890 from Southport
GASKELL  WILLIAM  Private 22340 born Wigan,enlisted Earlestown
GEE JOSEPH 18 Private 3341 from Bury
GOODWIN  SAMUEL 17 Private 13881 from Salford
GRAHAM JOHN Private 19366 born Middleton,enlisted Manchester
GREEN CHARLES 23 Private 18027 from Salford
GUILFOYLE WILLIAM 38 Lance Corporal 3388 from Burnley
HANKIN JOSEPH Private 27678 from Alfreton
HARDING JOHN 28 Lance Corporal 22909 from Stoke-on-Trent
HARDMAN JOHN 29 Private  33046 from Bury
HASLAM ERNEST 27 Private 36560 enlisted Radcliffe
HAYES ARTHUR 28 Private  13942 from Pendleton
HAYWARD FRANK Private 27633 from Greenwich
HEATHCOTE MAURICE Private 3555 from Manchester
HEIGHWAY JOHN 35 Private 36561 from Tyldesley
HEMINGWAY HERBERT Private 27680 from Snaith,Yorks
HENDERSON JAMES Serjeant 3554 from Dumfries
HENDRY JOSEPH 36 Private 19073  born Edinburgh,lived London
HESTER VIVIAN 38 Private 33044 from Tottington
HEYWOOD JAMES Private 33036 from Salford
HOLDSTOCK FRANK Private  4162 from Salford
HOLMAN ARTHUR Private 19364 from Sussex
HOLROYD  ARTHUR 24 Private 27684  from Rotherham
HORSFIELD LEWIS Private  12396 born Brighouse,enlisted Rochdale
HOWARTH  JOHN Private 1561 born Wigan,enlisted Bury
HOYLAND  JOHN 21 Captain from York
HUDSON JOSEPH 35 Private 21496 from Manchester
HUNTER THOMAS Private 33025 from Preston
INGHAM JOHN 30 Private 9567 from Oldham
JACKSON WILLIAM  Private  18474 from Wigan
JOHNSON JOHN Private 4444 from Salford
JOHNSON  THOMAS Private 3014 from Bolton
JONES JOHN Private 27731 born Normanton,enlisted Wakefield
KAY HENRY Private 13452  from Bolton
KELLY WILLIAM Private 5215 from Oldham
KENYON JAMES 30  Private  21261 from Dukinfield
LAYCOCK  WALTER 20 Private 27691    from Rochdale
LEACH CLARENCE 21 Lance Corporal 9441 from Littleborough
LEADBEATER WILLIAM Lance Corporal 13453 born Liverpool,enlisted Oldham
LONGBOTTOM LINLEY 25 Private 27693 from Sheffield
LYSONS JAMES Private 9352 from Whitworth
MAGUIRE JOHN Private 27899 from Dewsbury
MAUDE HAROLD 37 Private  18249 from Mossley
MILLER SYDNEY Private 27636 born Goole,enlisted Wakefield
MOORE ARTHUR 19 Private 9292 from Newport,Monmouthshire
MORGAN JOHN 27 Private  3057 from Collyhurst, Manchester
MORRIS HARRY 19 Private 27980 from Pontefract
MOSEDALE JAMES 21 Private 27891 born Manchester,lived Leeds
MOSS HAROLD Private 27638 born Manchester,enlisted Liverpool
MUSGRAVE SAMUEL  21 Private 27802 from Wakefield
McCULLOCK WILLIAM 25 Private 27738 from Halifax
McGUIRE DAVID Private 19331 born Accrington,enlisted Clydebank
McHALE JAMES Serjeant 9438 born Littleborough,enlisted Rochdale
McMICHAEL DANIEL Private 19464 from Belfast
NIXON JOHN 22 Private 36375 from Castleton
O'DONNELL JAMES 23 Private 9397 from Wigan
OGDEN JAMES Private 21192 from Hollinwood,Oldham
OGDEN THOMAS Private 36563 from Rochdale
PARROTT  WILLIAM  Private  36377 from Rochdale
PARTINGTON WILLIAM 27 Private 33043 from Heywood
PECK WILLIAM Private 27984 from Sheffield
PICKUP DAVID Private 3877 from Rochdale
POLLITT FRED 21  Private 3156 from Rochdale
POOLE LOT Private 27904 born Staffs, enlisted Pontefract
PRIEST SAMUEL 21 Private 27743 from Sheffield
ROBINSON ALFRED Private 36579 from Manchester
ROBINSON EDWIN 19 Private 27986  from Sheffield
ROBINSON JOHN Private 27809 from Leeds
ROBINSON WILLIAM Serjeant 21143  from Manchester
RONEY RICHARD Private 27643 from Newcastle
ROTHWELL ROBERT Private 33048 from Bury
SANDERSON FRANK 19 Private 27821 from Sheffield
SANDERSON JOHN 34 Private 28021  from Rotherham
SCHOFIELD ROBERT Private 36370 enlisted Rochdale
SCHOOLING PAUL 25 Captain from Ramsgate
SENIOR WILLIAM  Private  27755 from Rotherham
SHANNON PATRICK  Private 27703 from Dewsbury
SHERIDAN MICHAEL 34 Private 7630 from Bolton
SMITH ALFRED  30 Serjeant 12222 from Stretford
SMITH ERNEST 24 Private 27915 from Kippax
SMITH JOHN 22 Private 3374 from Warrington
SNAPE JOHN Private 1023 from Chorley
SOWDEN ROBERT Private 36566 from Middleton Junction
SPENCER THOMAS Lance Corporal 4046 from Hebden Bridge
STEPHEN  HAROLD 23 Private 36380 from Middleton Junction
STOTT WALTER Private 36369 enlisted Rochdale
TAPSELL FREDERICK Private 19337 from Preston
TATLOW FRED 27 Private  13669 from Blackburn
THIRKELL JAMES  Private 27992 from Leeds
UNSWORTH TOM Private 9476 from Radcliffe
WALGATE PERCY 19 Corporal 27998  born Nottingham, enlisted Sheffield
WARDLE HARRY CSM 7111 born Middleton,enlisted Bury
WATSON ARTHUR Private 27748 born Rotherham
WAUDBY THOMAS Private 27706 from York
WESTWOOD JAMES 20 Corporal 27828 from East Ardsley,Yorks
WILCOCK    JOHN 21 Private  36575 from Rochdale
WILDE JAMES 42 Corporal 4694 from Rochdale
WILLIAMS HARRY Private 3008 from Manchester
WOOD DAVID 22 Serjeant 3282 from Manchester
WOOD ERNEST 40 CSM 12694 from Littleborough
WRAY HARRY 28 Private 36371 from Rochdale
WREN JOSEPH 26 Private 36576 from Newport,Monmouthshire
WRIGHT JOHN Private 18394 from Derbyshire
YATES FREDERICK  21 Lance Corporal 9472 from Radcliffe

Date of Death:01/10/1916
Awards:Military Medal
Service No:3897
Regiment:Lancashire Fusiliers
Unit:9th Bn
Puchevillers British Cemetery
Grave Ref:V.B 40